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Earth Resources and Energy

  Geothermal Energy
Geothermal Technologies Program, US Dept. of Energy
Vermont Geothermal Study - Water well temperature profiles
Vermont Geothermal Studies - Water well logging process
National Geothermal Data System (NGDS)
Geothermal Energy Association
The Future of Geothermal Energy (14.1 mb pdf), MIT, 2006
Renewable Energy Atlas of Vermont
Outside the Loop - Geothermal Heat Pump newsletter
New England Geothermal Professional Association
EXPLORATION WELLS, 1956-1984 Oil and Gas
Click here for a list of exploration oil and gas wells drilled in Vermont. View the map.
See Photogallery 19 for pictures of the Yandow well
Northern Vermont-Southern Quebec: Utica Shale Equivalents, Stratigraphic and Structural Relations by L. Becker, M. Gale and J. Kim
Click here for maps of shale plays in the US (US Energy Information Administration)

USGS National Oil and Gas Assessment
Vermont Statutes, Title 29: Natural Gas and Oil Conservation
  CO2 Sequestration
  National Assessment of Geologic Carbon Dioxide Storage Resources, USGS, 2013
Vermont Bedrock and Its Potential for Sequestration of Carbon Dioxide , VGS, 2011
CO2 Mineral Sequestration
Granite, marble, slate, talc, verde antique, soapstone, schist, sand and gravel, crushed limestone, marble, dolomite, granite, quartzite and slate are all products of Vermont. In 2009, the estimated non-fuel mineral production for Vermont was $122 million ( USGS Mineral Industry Survey) as compared with nearly $117 million in 2007 and 2008. In 2009, Vermont ranked nationally 5th in dimension stone production by tonnage and 39th in production of crushed stone. For information on employment, wages and production, visit the National Mining Association web site.
To obtain on-line information about active and inactive quarries in Vermont, please go to the USGS Mineral Resource Data site search function. To navigate the USGS site: 1. enter Vermont in the " located in" field and a list of sites will come up, 2. click on the "DepositID" number and the site information will appear,3. near the top of the page you can select to view on Google Earth or Google Maps which will bring up a map of the area. You can also go to the main page for GIS downloadable data sets. For information on recently permitted quarries and sand and gravel pits, the Act 250 database is available on-line. Click here for sand and gravel pit guidelines of the VGS and see construction general permits.
All Mineral Resources Map (click on image)- Mineral Resources of Vermont showing all active and inactive occurrences, prospects and producers. Data is from the Vermont Mineral Resource Data System (MRDS), 1998. The U.S. Dept. of Labor, Mine Safety and Health Administration, Cranberry Township, PA listed 42 mines in full time operation in Vermont in 2000. Of these, 2 were marble (dimension stone), 25 were slate (dimension stone), 1 was granite (dimension stone), 1 was talc and soapstone, 7 were limestone (crushed rock), and 6 were sand and gravel operations. 142 mines were listed with an intermittent operation status. Of these mines, 89 were sand and gravel operations and the rest included slate, granite, marble, sandstone, stone, traprock and limestone. In 2003 the number of mines (fulltime and intermittent) was listed as 178 with 36 fulltime operations, of which 23 were slate used for dimension stone. Industrial Minerals of Vermont- 200 Years and Going Strong by D. Conrad and D. Vanacek summarizes the industry as it existed in the early 1990s and includes new additions of web links and photographs (2005).
Crushed Rock Resources Map (click on image) - Vermont Crushed Rock Resources showing inactive and active occurrences, prospects and producers. Data from the Vermont Mineral Resource Data System (MRDS), 1998.
Construction Aggregates Demand in the New England States, New England Governor's Conference, Inc., 1992
Sand and Gravel Resources Map (click on image) - Sand and Gravel Resource Map of Vermont. Data from Sand and Gravel Resources of Vermont, 1993, New England Governors Conference. Click here for sand and gravel pit guidelines of the VGS (2002) and see construction general permits. Also, see Highway Construction Surveys 1957-1980 and Vermont Soils Information (USDA)
Dimension Stone (Click on image) - Active and inactive dimension stone occurrences, prospects and producers. Data from the Vermont Mineral Resource Data system (MRDS), 1998.
Some links: Vermont Mining - a look at mines from air photos.
Stone Quarries and Beyond
Click here for a recent article about Vermont's quarry industry
Metallic Resources of Vermont (Click on image)showing active and inactive occurrences, prospects and producers. Data from the Vermont Mineral Resource Data System (MRDS), 1998.
Gold in Vermont pamphlet (pdf)






























Generalized Geologic 
	Map of Vermont - 1970 - click for larger map image

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