VT DEC Compost Center
A well-rounded introduction to the benefits and possibilities of
composting from Penn State.
Short, well written essays on on-farm composting from the Washingon
State University Cooperative Extension.
Large Scale Organic
A manual from the North Carolina State University, oriented more
toward commercial facilities.
Can composting make me money?
Scroll down to the Economics of Composting for simple questions
A lengthy look at the feasibility of composting on farms in New
Management and Composting
A good look at the methods and materials used in composting manure
on organic farms.
Composting in the Western States/Windrow Techniques
Various topics of manure composting in Western Agriculture including
a good discussion on windrow composting and its effects on weed
of Manure Composting
Only on manure and dried manure. A very thorough look at manure
as a value-added commodity for farmers.
A short essay on the basics by Utah State University Extension.
Photos from Washington State University.
of Compost Ingredients from NRAES On-farm Composting Handbook
A table which shows the possible inputs into a compost system and
the quality of each.
A summary and table from NRAES On-Farm Composting Handbook describing
the different characteristics to be considered: C:N ratio, moisture
content, and porosity, courtesy of Cornell.
A link to the NRAES On-Farm Handbook which describes how a batch-mixer
works, as well as a few other machines used for mixing, courtesy
Alternate Composting Methods
Different methods of mixing on a large scale. Click on alternative
Techniques in the Western States
A look at the technique of windrow composting and its effects on
the germination of weed seeds found in the windrow
A piece of the On-Farm Handbook touching on the methods of windrow
composting with a small illustration. The entire article can be
found through this website.
On-Farm Composting Handbook Table of Contents
Provides access to various subjects related to turning piles.
To Turn or Not to Turn, ...
From the Humanure Handbook by Joseph Jenkins.
Turning: Tools and Frequency
From the Compost Connection for Western Agriculture. Page down to
second column on page three.
of a Few Static Methods
A page from the NRAES On-Farm Composting Handbook that discusses
in brief the key points to consider with a static technique.
Another page that looks at an interesting method of passive aeration
using perforated tubing underneath the windrow, eliminating the
need for a machine to turn the pile.
Process Monitoring and Troubleshooting
According to this report, you will only need two basic tools: your
nose and a thermometer! From the On-Farm Composting Handbook again.
Chapter on Management
Beginning with Safety and Health concerns, a complete look at problems
confronting the on-farm composter.
A list of basic and advanced questions and answers concerning the
use of compost in agriculture, touching on a number of common concerns.
An article from the NRAES On-Farm Composting Handbook touching on
the problem of odor control in larger composting operations.
Manure and Other Organic Residues
The University of Nebraska - Lincoln offers a short discourse with
good information on manure production and ingredients characteristics.
Methods for on-farm composting of dead poultry from the Virginia
A good look at three methods that have worked.
Application of Leaves and Grass Clippings
Not composting, but a good in depth look at an alternative.
Production with Compost
Composting Resource List
A bibliography of suggested readings for farm-scale composting published
by Appropriate Technology Transfer for Rural Areas (ATTRA) in Arizona.
Used for Plant and Disease Control
How the composting process is useful in controlling and eliminating
soil-borne diseases in the end product from the NRAES On-Farm Composting
Application for On-Farm Methods
Washington State University's methods of spreading compost on agricultural
Dairy Manure for Commercial Markets
See the Economics of Composting for simple questions to consider.
A lengthy look at the feasibility
of composting on farms in New York.