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Hazardous Waste Management Program
Hazardous Waste Treatment, Storage and Disposal Facility (TSDF) Permitting

Note: You are not required to obtain a TSDF permit if you only generate hazardous waste, and don’t treat, store or dispose of that waste as criteria described below.

TSDF Permits


Each of theTSDF permits are posted "as issued" and may have been modified after the "effective date" of the permit. To determine if a TSDF permit has been modified, please contact the Hazardous Waste Management Program.


Who is subject to TSDF Permitting?

A TSDF permit is required of persons who: (1) treat, store, or dispose of hazardous wastes received from an off-site location, (2) treat, dispose of their own hazardous waste on-site, or (3) store their own hazardous waste on-site for longer than 180 days for Small Quantity Generators, or 90 days for Large Quantity Generators.
A TSDF permit is issued for a maximum term of ten years.


TSDF Prerequisites

Certificate of Need. A Certificate of Need is required of any person proposing to begin site preparation for, or construction of, a hazardous waste treatment or disposal facility in Vermont. The requirements for a Certificate of Need are found in Section 7-504(b) of the Vermont Hazardous Waste Management Regulations and 10 V.S.A. 6606a. The fee for a certificate of need is $7,500.00.

Waste Management Personnel Background Review. Before a TSDF permit may be issued, the applicant must successfully complete a background review as required by 10 V.S.A. 6605f. Using the following personal and business disclosure statements must be filed that disclose the existence of certain criminal convictions and civil or administrative violations related to solid or hazardous waste management: Personal History Disclosure, and Business Disclosure Statement


TSDF Application Process

The first step in applying for any state-issued environmental permit is to contact the Permit Specialist for your region.  The Permit Specialist Locator along with other important information regarding permit assistance can be found on the Environmental Assistance Office Permit Assistance webpage.

A complete application for a TSDF permit must include all relevant information required by 40 CFR §§ 270.13 (Part A) and 270.14 (Part B). Since there is no application form, the required information should be compiled and submitted in an organized format. Checklists are used by Vermont hazardous waste program staff to evaluate each TSDF permit application may be used by the applicant to ensure that an application submittal is complete.

A fee of $5,775.00 is required with the submittal of an initial TSDF permit application. No fee is assessed for TSDF permit renewal applications, but there is an annual operating fee of $2,000 per year for commercial facilities, and $1,100 per year for captive facilities. This annual operating fee applies to all TSDFs with permits issued or renewed after July 1, 2004.


TSDF Permit Modification

Modifications are classified according to Section 7-507 of the VHWMR and 40 CFR 270.42. The request to modify the permit must be accompanied by the permit modification fee listed below.


TSDF Permit Modification Fees
Class 1 and Class 1* Modifications:  $75
Class 2 Modifications: $500
Class 3 Modifications: $750






VT DEC Waste Management & Prevention Division 1 National Life Drive - Davis 1  Montpelier, VT  05620-3704  Tele: 802-828-1138  Fax: 802-828-1011


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