WMD home
dec home > wm&pd home > universal recycling > resources
Universal Recycling
    Businesses & Institutions
    Materials Management Map
Construction & Demolition
Hazardous Waste   Management
Household Hazardous   Waste
Product Stewardship & Take-Back Programs
Salvage Yard Program
Sites Management
Solid Waste
Underground Storage   Tanks
Waste Prevention

Universal Recycling Resources

Act 148 is the new solid waste legislation that focuses on recyclables and organics. It will provide convenience and choices for solid waste generators, including individuals, and will lead to more consistent services throughout the state. Learn more about the features of the law on the Universal Recycling main page.

This page contains internal and external resources that may be useful for putting Universal Recycling into action. 

Please check with your local solid waste management entity for local ordinances and local resources.

Compost & Organics Resources

Internal Resources - Compost and Organics

Food Scrap Hauler Directory

Find a hauler for your food scraps by reviewing our state-wide directory.  If you are a food scraps hauler who is not listed and would like to be added, contact Josh Kelly at josh.kelly@state.vt.us.

Compost Facilities in Vermont

Find a compost facility near you.

Policy on Swine Feeding

If you plan on diverting food scraps to feed pigs, first read this policy closely. This Vermont Agency of Agriculture, Food, and Markets document explains risks and best practices for safely feeding food scraps to pigs.

Food Waste Collection at Food-Service Establishments FAQ

This document from the Department of Health and the Department of Environmental Conservation explains that separating food scraps for proper management is not only legal, but a preferred materials management strategy. It also covers frequently asked questions.

Standardized Symbols for Universal Recycling

Symbols developed for recycling, food scraps, and trash material streams were developed to be used state-wide to increase consistency and convenience for Vermonters.  This are intended to be used by businesses, haulers, facilities, and any place where these materials are produced and  managed. 

Compost pages

Read more about composting at home and on-site.

Compost Resources page

Find more on our Compost Resources page.

External Resources -Compost and Organics

Curb to Compost

This toolkit developed by the Composting Council Research & Education Foundation provides an overview of organics recovery, with basic data and examples of outreach materials to aid in the development of a residential food scrap col let ion program. Resources include source separating food scraps, collection bins, where to find compostable bags, examples of signage, questions to ask your local composting facility manager, educational flyers, brochures and instructional videos.

Highfields Center for Composting

HCC researches, educates, and provides technical services for composting and comprehensive food waste recycling programs. HCC is a resource for residents interested in home composting, businesses and haulers that manage compost and food scraps, and businesses that want to divert their food residuals and scraps for composting. HCC is non-profit organization based out of Hardwick, Vermont.

Composting Association of Vermont

CAV promotes composting by promoting education, supporting Vermont-made compost, assessing feedstock availability, advancing new standards and legislation, and increasing generator and hauler participation. CAV is a member-led non-profit organization based out of Troy, Vermont.

Northeast Recycling Council

NERC has many compost resources including case studies, such as the Always Something Farm Case Study, and Resources for Marking Compost.

Biodegradable Products Institute - Certified Products Catalog

BPI is a professional association of individuals and groups from government, industry and academia, which promotes the use, and recycling of biodegradable polymeric materials (via composting). The BPI is open to any materials and products that demonstrate (via scientifically proven techniques) that their products are completely biodegradable in approved composting facilities. The Certified Products Catalog lists all the products certified by BPI as biodegradable. 

Many compost facilities do not accept biodegradable polymeric materials, so be sure to consult with your compost facility about what materials they accept. The accepted materials and the BPI catalog can be used in conjunction to inform purchasing decisions. 

Vermont Sustainable Jobs Fund - Food Systems Atlas, Farm to Plate Network and Strategic Plan

The Atlas features food system resource and is the communications and coordination platform for the Farm to Plate Network. The Farm to Plate Strategic Plan provides statistics and detailed analyses of Vermont's food system; it contains 25 goals and many strategies that will lead to job creation, greater economic output, and increased access for Vermont and regional consumers to healthy, fresh food over the next 10 years.  VSJF was created by the Vermont Legislature in 1995 to accelerate the development of Vermont's green economy. VSJF is based out of Montpelier, Vermont.

US Composting Council

The USCC is involved in research, training, public education, composting and compost standards, expansion of compost markets and the enlistment of public support. The USCC provides resources, educational materials, training, networking, and career advancement opportunities for professionals and all those affiliated with the composting and organics recycling industry.

BioCycle is the official magazine of the USCC.

Pay Dirt: Composting in Maryland to Reduce Waste, Create Jobs, & Protect the Bay

2013 Maryland study done by the Institute for Local Self-Reliance. Key finding was that for every 10,000 tons of material processed per year, four jobs are created/sustained in organics management versus one job for the same tonnage of trash disposed. (View Full Report)


Food Waste Prevention Resources

USDA Leftovers & Food Safety

United States Department of Agriculture's resource guide on safely handling and consuming leftovers.

A-Z Food Storage Guide - Make Dirt Not Waste

Food storage guide developed by Eureka! Recycling.  Keep a copy in your kitchen to help prevent food waste through proper food storage.

Food Too Good to Waste

EPA's food waste reduction campaign FTP Directory. The complete toolkit and research reports can be viewed and downloaded from this page.

Ample Harvest

Ample Harvest connects Americans with excess food in their garden and local food pantries. Ample Harvest is a national non-profit organization.

Think. Eat. Save. Reduce Your Foodprint

The Think.Eat.Save campaign of the Save Food Initiative is a partnership between the United Nations Environmental Program and Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. The campaign website is a portal to showcase ideas and provide a one-stop shop for news and resources. Resources include "How to get the best from your freezer" and other food waste prevention strategies.

FTGTW_logoFood Too Good To Waste is a U.S. EPA initiative to reduce food waste in nieghborhoods and households, with a focus on changing individual behavior. The program provides toolkits with guidance on how to reduce unused foods in family households, and save money at the same time.

The first pilot programs began in 2012, and continue to be implemented around the country. To find out more about the Food Too Good To Waste concept, click on the link above. Visit EPA Reducing Food Waste for more tips and ideas on reducing food waste in your home.

Recycling Resources

Internal Resources - Recycling

Standardized Symbols for Universal Recycling

Symbols developed for recycling, food scraps, and trash material streams were developed to be used state-wide to increase consistency and convenience for Vermonters.  This are intended to be used by businesses, haulers, facilities, and any place where these materials are produced and  managed. 

Tips for Selecting Recycling Services (PDF)

Small Business Recycling (PDF)

External Resources - Recycling

I Want to be Recycled

Keep America Beautiful campaign. Browse other KAB programs here.

Recycling at Work

Check out Keep America Beautiful's Recycling at Work program to increase recycling in the workplace.

Northeast Recycling Council

NERC is a nationally recognized leader in sustainable materials management for the public and private sector. NERC focuses on research, program design and implementation, educational materials, and public-service dialogue for a wide range of topics including source reduction, reuse, recycling, composting, environmental education, and green procurement.

Northeast Resource Recovery Association

NRRA is a non-profit organization that provides cooperative purchasing programs, educational and networking opportunities, technical assistance, and cooperative marketing programs.  NRRA has received national recognition for establishing innovative grassroots recyclables marketing cooperatives with competitive pricing which enables small rural and large urban communities to manage their own recycling programs.

EPA's Waste Reduction Model (WARM)

The United States Environmental Protection Agency created WARM to help solid waste planners and organizations track and voluntarily report greenhouse gas emissions reductions and energy savings from several different waste management practices.

United States MSW generation, recycling, and disposal

The US Environmental Protection Agency's website on municipal solid waste.

Reuse and Waste Prevention Resources

Waste Prevention

Read more about waste prevention concepts and strategies.

Waste Prevention resources

Find additional waste prevention resources on the Waste Management and Prevention Division's Waste Prevention page.

Construction & Demolition

Read about waste prevention strategies for C&D projects.

Reuse Marketplace

The Reuse Marketplace is a free regional network to find, sell, trade, or give away reusable and surplus items that would otherwise be disposed as trash. The website is administered by Northeast Recycling Council (NERC).

Vermont Buildings & General Services Surplus Property

The Surplus Property showroom in located in Waterbury. The warehouse is open for sales to the public. The Surplus Property program administrates the state auctions, held every spring.

School Property Exchange System (SPEX)

SPEX is an online network that helps school facilities administrators trade and donate surplus equipment, assets, and supplies.

Front Porch Forum

Front Porch Forum is a free community-building service that helps connect neighbors. Neighborhood forums are open only to people living in that neighborhood.

EPA's Reuse in New England Resource Guide

This EPA guide is intended to be used by businesses, institutions, and governments who deal with off-spec production or asset management, and others who are seeking or need to dispose of items that still may have "use". It contains listings for where to donate used goods or unwanted materials.

Additional Resources

Green Up Vermont

Green Up Day is held every first Saturday in May in Vermont. Green Up Vermont hosts an annual Green Up Poster and Writing contest for teachers and students.

Vermont Business Environmental Partnership

VBEP is a free, voluntary, environmental assistance and business recognition program.

EPA's Waste Wise Program

The US Environmental Protection Agency's Waste Wise program helps organizations and businesses apply sustainable materials management practices to reduce municipal and select industrial wastes.

Small Business Compliance Assistance Program

Free and comprehensive environmental assistance program from DEC's Environmental Assistance Office.

Municipal Compliance Assistance Program

Resource for municipalities to help identify and understand state and federal environmental regulations with which they must comply. MCAP is operated independently from DEC's regulatory programs. Assistance services are confidential and provided at no cost to the municipality.


Department of Environmental Conservation

Waste Management & Prevention Division, Solid Waste Program

1 National Life Drive, Davis 1, Montpelier, VT 05620-3704

(802) 828-1138


Last updated:
VT DEC Waste Management & Prevention Division 1 National Life Drive - Davis 1  Montpelier, VT  05620-3704  Tele: 802-828-1138  Fax: 802-828-1011

State of Vermont Agencies & Depts.     Access Government 24/7     About Vermont.Gov     Privacy Policy  

A Vermont Government Website Copyright 2003 State of Vermont - All rights reserved